Animal Orientation:
Revision Notes

Compiled as a final-year zoology student at the University of Edinburgh, based on the information given in lectures.



Maps and mapping mechanisms


Landmark use


Navigation mechanisms


Animal homing


Tracking animals




Orientation in salmonid fish


Orientation in insects

(Collett & Zeil 1998)


Orientation in marine mammals


Orientation in turtles


Navigation by sound in reef fish

More notes and essays

© Andrew Gray, 2004